By Ashi Jain
Nowadays, family planning is strenuous as both husband and wife are career-oriented and may have a tiresome job. After marriage, when the couple plans for their child, it results in a long struggle. Due to disappointment and family pressure; the couple tends to take the steps which may complete their dream sooner. Most couple finds it difficult to cope up with the issues of infertility which is a growing problem of today’s life. IVF treatment is one of the best treatment which deals with the difficulties of infertility.
- What is IVF Treatment?
- Factors Leading to the Success of IVF Treatment
- IVF Success Rate
- IVF Outcomes
- IVF Post-Transfer Instruction
- IVF Cost in India
What is IVF Treatment?
IVF stands for In Vitro Fertilization. It deals with the difficulties of infertility that cause major hindrances for women to get pregnant. In this process, the mature eggs are removed from the uterus of the women, and sperm are fertilized in the lab. Then the fertilized egg is directly placed in the uterus of the women.
It is a very effective method to cure blockage in the fallopian tubes when surgery remains ineffective. It increases the chances of pregnancy in the woman who is struggling with the issues of infertility. The entire cycle takes place within 3 weeks which helps women to get pregnant again. The procedure can be done with their eggs or partner’s sperm or it may use the eggs, sperm, and embryos of an anonymous donor.
Factors Leading to the Success of IVF Treatment
The women before considering the procedure of IVF must keep certain success factors in her mind:
The young women between the age of 24 and 34 have higher chances of successful pregnancy as the women of this age group are most fertile whereas, the older women usually have fewer eggs of lower quality. The success rate of IVF drops with your age. For instance, younger women have a 40% success rate while older women have a 4% success rate.
2. Previous Pregnancy
The IVF also depends upon past pregnancy. If the couple’s previous pregnancy is successful, then there are chances of having a successful pregnancy through IVF. However, multiple miscarriages and fertility issues make the process difficult for women.
3. Types of fertility problems
The fertility issues like dual ovaries, uterine abnormalities and fibroid tumors increase the difficulties for the women to conceive again.
4. Donor Eggs
Using Donor Eggs whose quality of eggs is good to increase the positive results for the younger women.
5. Sperm Quality
If the quality of male sperm is low, it decreases the chances of a good pregnancy. The fertility specialists are trying to find a solution to this problem.
6. Egg and Embryo Quality
The quality of eggs and embryo depends upon certain factors such as sperm quality, ovarian reserve, and stimulation protocol. The higher the quality of eggs, more the chances of pregnancy.
The woman who has the habit of smoking and drinking alcohols has to stop smoking and drinking for 3 months before taking the procedure of IVF. It is believed that woman who has smoking experience has more failed fertilization cycles and unable to conceive. The overweight women have fewer chances of having a baby and increased risk of miscarriages. The women need to control their weight and give more focus to their diet. The regular mensuration cycles are important for successful fertilization as irregular mensuration makes it difficult for women to conceive.
8. Fertility Clinic
Choose your fertility clinic wisely while keeping below points in mind:
- The experience and training of staff.
- The number of patients pregnant with multiples.
- The live birth rate produces by IVF cycles.
9. Uterine Receptivity
The embryo quality depends upon certain factors like the thickness of the uterine lining, uterine cavity’s contour, and other immunological factors that are required for healthy embryos.
10. Controlled Ovarian Hyperstimulation Protocol
A number of COH protocols exist in IVF, which may result in favorable chances of pregnancy for a woman.
11. Embryo Transfer
It is the most critical step in the process of IVF. The healthy embryo and successful implantation lead to a happy and healthy pregnancy.
IVF Success Rate
As mentioned above, these are some of the factors that result in a successful pregnancy. The following chart shows the possibility of pregnancy through IVF procedures:
|Female Age||Live Birth Rate|
|24 – 34||40%|
As per research, younger women have more chances of successful pregnancy and older women have fewer chances of pregnancy. The research also states successful chances of having a baby through donor eggs is 50.7% The body mass index in older women is 30% as compared to the younger women. The endometrial thickness of less than 7mm decreases the chances for women to become a mother. The laparoscopic surgery before the IVF process produces positive results.
The women should adopt stress-relieving techniques like listening to music, mind-body programs that help women to cope up with the stress of infertility. The deficiency in Vitamin D also leads to infertility and the worst IVF outcomes. However, miscarriages, hypertension problems decrease the chances of having a baby.
It is said that regular smoking reduces the chances of IVF by 50% as compared to non-smokers and also, increases the risk of miscarriage by 30%. The women should avoid smoking and drinking alcohol before taking the procedure of IVF and intake a healthy diet.
Women with specific ovary genotype have fewer chances of pregnancy through IVF procedures. The level of progesterone is associated with lower pregnancy rates in IVF cycles. The level of progesterone ranges from 0.8 to 1.1ng/ml results in a pregnancy ratio of 0.8 and the level of 1.2 and 3.0 ng/ml results in a ratio of 0.6 and 0.7.
The researcher’s investigation shows that the US adopted the treatment of IVF due to which the live birth rates are steady till the year 2002 but after 2002 there is a huge decline in the birth rate between the years 2003 and 2007. However, there is an increase in the birth rate again between the years 2008 and 2010 but after that, there is consecutively decrease in the birth rate. The pattern of incline and decline in the birth rate is seen in the regions of Canada, Australia, Japan, Latin America, and New Zealand.
The women before undergoing the treatment of IVF should consider the side effects of treatment such as bloating, headaches, allergic reaction from medicine, bleeding, mood swings, etc. Constant talk with the fertility specialists will help the couple to know the pros and cons of the treatment.
Nevertheless, some women are still not able to conceive even after undertaking IVF procedures because of the following reasons:
- Follicles are not produced enough for the retrieval of eggs.
- The eggs are not fertilized properly.
- The qualities of eggs are not good enough for fertilization.
- Embryo Transfer is not successful; hence embryo is not placed correctly in the uterus of the women.
- Inadequate Ovarian Stimulation is another factor due to which the IVF process fails.
- The cells of cumulus oophorus and membrane granulose also affect pregnancy rates.
IVF Post-Transfer Instruction
The women must follow the instructions after the IVF process to ensure a healthy and happy pregnancy. The men are expected to keep certain things in mind to support the IVF cycle of their partner:
- The men should not drink alcohol or smoke as that may reduce the success of the cycle.
- The men should avoid toxins and chemicals that reduce the quality of sperms in their body.
- The men should undertake proper exercise and diet to improve the quality of sperms.
- The men should be supportive of their partner during the IVF treatment.
IVF Cost in India
The cost of In VitroFfertilization [IVF] in India varies from person to person. It fully depends upon the person’s infertility workup, women’s age, medical history, and the number of IVF cycles. The average cost of IVF in India ranges from Rs. 1 to 3 lakhs ($1,400 to $4,000) for each cycle which is quite less than what is charged in western countries. However, if the IVF process takes place by using one’s egg and sperm, the treatment may cost around Rs. 90,000 to 1,50,000 ($1,200 to $2,000). The IVF includes the cost of several procedures in it like OCR, AZH, IUI, etc.
India is considered to be an affordable place for the infertility treatment which is also known as a test-tube baby treatment due to its increased influx of people coming from abroad. India is considered as the best destination for IVF treatment because of subsequent reasons:
- Availability of Advanced technology that costs very high in the US and UK.
- Low-cost treatment with high standards of cleanliness, temperature, and air purity.
- Modern techniques and procedures used for infertility treatment.
- Experienced IVF specialist who are skilled and qualified in their profession.
- A team of educated and qualified employees to have healthy communication with international patients.
Talk with the most effective team of fertility experts for all the pregnancy and infertility related issues and visit the best centers to possess healthy and happy maternity.
Disclaimer: Please consult your physician before starting any treatment.
Ashi has completed post-graduation in English. She is a content writer. Ashi has written content on various topics and is quite passionate about writing.
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